ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GALLBLADDER STONES
Signs and Symptoms of Gallstones
Symptoms may be :
- Pain in your upper belly, often on the right, just under your ribs
- Pain in your right shoulder or back
- An upset stomach
- Other digestive problems, including indigestion, heart burn, and gas.
Dr Vashistha best Laparoscopic and Robotic surgeon in Gurgaon says , You must see your doctor if you have signs of a serious infection or inflammation :
- Belly pain that lasts several hours
- Signs of jaundice like yellow coloration of skin and stools
Gallstone Risk Factors
You’re more likely to get gallstones if you:
- Have a family history of gall stones
- Are a woman
- Are over age 40
- Are over weight
- Are fond of diet with fat and cholesterol but low in fiber
- Sedentary life style
- Are on oral contraceptives
- Have high sugar levels
- Lose a lot of weight in a short time
- Are fasting a lot
Complications of Gallstones
Gallstones can cause serious problems, including:
- Gallbladder inflammation (acute cholecystitis ). This happens when a stone blocks your gallbladder so it can’t empty. It causes constant pain and fever. Your gallbladder might burst, or rupture, if you don’t get treatment right away.
- Blocked bile ducts. This can cause fever, chills , rigor, and yellowing of your skin and eyes . If a stone blocks the duct to your pancreas, that organ may become inflamed and causes a very dangerous situation called Pancreatitis.
- Infected bile ducts (acute cholangitis). A blocked duct is more likely to get infected. If the bacteria spread to your bloodstream, they can cause a dangerous condition called sepsis.
- Gall bladder cancer – It’s rare, but gallstones raise your risk of this kind of cancer
Dr Ashish shares tips to prevent Gallstones
Some lifestyle changes might lower your risk of gallstones.
- Eat a healthy diet that’s high in fiber and good fats, like fish , green leafy vegetables and olive oil. Avoid refined carbs, sugary items and unhealthy fats.
- Get regular exercise . Aim for at least 50 minutes, 5 days a week.
- Avoid diets that make you lose a lot of weight in a short time.
- If you’re a woman at high risk of gallstones (for example, because of your family history or another health condition), talk to your doctor about whether you should avoid the use of hormonal contraceptive
You need to undergo a surgery to get your gall bladder removed. You can still digest food without it.
Dr Ashish Vashistha recommends one of two procedures.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This is the most common surgery for gallstones. Your doctor passes a narrow tube called a laparoscope into your belly through a small cut. It holds instruments, a light, and a camera. They take out your gallbladder through another small cut. You’ll usually go home the same day.